Denmark - Pensions and Benefits

If you have lived or worked in Denmark and in Canada, or you are the survivor of someone who has lived or worked in Denmark and in Canada, you may be eligible for pensions or benefits from Denmark or Canada, or both.

The Agreement on Social Security between Canada and Denmark came into force on January 1, 1986.

What benefits are available?

If you contributed to both the Canada Pension Plan and the Danish pension program, or if you lived in Canada and Denmark, this agreement may help you qualify for:

  • Canadian old age and disability benefits
  • Danish old age and disability benefits.

If you are the widow, widower or child of a person who contributed to the pension programs of both countries, this agreement may help you qualify for:

  • Canadian survivor benefits
  • Danish survivor benefits.

You may qualify for a Canadian or Danish benefits, or both. However, under the Agreement, the benefit paid by each country will be based solely on your creditable periods under that country’s pension program. In other words, Canada will pay a benefit amount reflecting the portion of your periods that are creditable under Canada's pension program, and Denmark will pay a benefit amount reflecting the portion of your creditable periods under Denmark's pension program.

Am I eligible to receive a benefit?

Canadian benefits

The Canadian pension programs included in the Agreement are the Canada Pension Plan (CPP) and the Old Age Security (OAS) program.

If you do not qualify for a Canada Pension Plan benefit based on your contributions to the CPP, Canada will consider periods of contribution to the pension program of Denmark as periods of contribution to the Canada Pension Plan.

If you do not qualify for an Old Age Security pension based on your years of residence in Canada, Canada will consider periods of residence in Denmark after March 31, 1957 and after the age of 18 as periods of residence in Canada.

Note: Quebec Pension Plan (QPP) contributors

The Government of Canada’s international social security agreements cover Old Age Security and Canada Pension Plan benefits only. If you contribute or have contributed to the QPP but not to the CPP, please consult the Quebec Pension Plan.

Danish benefits

The pension program of Denmark consists of the Social Pensions Act and the Labour Market Supplementary Pension (ATP) Scheme. The Social Pensions Act provides benefits based on residence. The Scheme, on the other hand, covers most employed and self-employed persons in Denmark.

To qualify for a benefit under the pension program of Denmark, you normally must have lived in Denmark or contributed to the program for a minimum period. In addition, to qualify for a benefit under the Social Pensions Act outside Denmark, you must also be a Danish citizen.

If you are a Canadian citizen, under the Agreement you can receive a Danish benefit while residing in Canada.

How do I apply?

Print and complete one of the following application forms:

If you live in Canada

If you live in Canada and want to apply for Canadian benefits, see Pensions in Canada.

If you live in Canada and want to apply for Danish benefits:

Attach any necessary supporting documents, and return the application form to a Service Canada Centre, or mail it to:

International Operations
Service Canada
Ottawa ON  K1A 0L4
CANADA

If you live in Denmark

If you live in Denmark and want to apply for Canadian benefits:

Attach any necessary supporting documents, and return the application form to a social security office in Denmark, or mail it to:

International Operations
Service Canada
Ottawa ON  K1A 0L4
CANADA

Denmark’s Social Security Websites

Resources

Note: The Agreement

This page contains general information on the Agreement on Social Security between Canada and Denmark and may not describe all the provisions that apply to your situation. If you have any questions, please contact us. In the case of a discrepancy between this page and the Agreement, the wording and provisions of the Agreement will prevail.