Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP)
Important Message for Quebec Residents Who Apply for Maternity/Parental Benefits:
On March 15, the Government of Canada changed the Employment Insurance (EI) Regulations, which affects Records of Employment (ROEs).
The changes apply only to ROEs that employers submit electronically through Service Canada's online services, such as ROE Web.
Electronic Records of Employment are accessible online for a period of 2 years and they can be viewed in My Service Canada Account.
If you apply for maternity/parental benefits through the Quebec Parental Insurance Program, Service Canada cannot issue you an EI access code.
However, if you would like to access My Service Canada Account and view your Records of Employment, you can obtain a personal access code from Service.
For more information on the ROE changes, please consult the Important information on ROE changes.
Table of Contents
You can find answers to Frequently Asked Questions about EI and the Quebec plan...
What you should know
Since January 1st, 2006, the Province of Quebec is responsible for providing maternity, paternity, parental and adoption benefits to residents of Quebec through a program called the Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) offered by the Ministry of Employment and Social Solidarity of Quebec (MESSQ).
Residents of Quebec must consult the MESSQ to claim these benefits and to inquire about eligibility requirements.
Please note that EI maternity and parental benefits continue to be available in all other Canadian provinces and territories.
How to Apply
If you are a resident of Quebec and would like to file a new claim for benefits for a birth or adoption, there are two ways to apply for benefits:
- By using the Québec Parental Insurance Plan online services. Or,
- By calling the customer service centre, at 1 888 610-7727.
Parents Sharing Benefits
Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) and Employment Insurance (EI) offer parents the opportunity to share parental benefits. In most instances, both parents will receive benefits from the same program — either EI or QPIP. In a few cases, when parents don't reside in the same province when the first claim for benefits is made for a birth or adoption, the parents will have to apply for benefits from different programs. Parents who wish to share benefits must decide how benefits will be shared when the first parent files a claim for parental or adoption benefit. If the claim is filed in Quebec, the person should contact the Ministry of Employment and Social Solidarity of Quebec (MESSQ). If the claim is filed outside Quebec, Service Canada should be contacted.
If the parents cannot decide how to share benefits when a claim is filed, the parent residing in Quebec will contact MESSQ and the other parent residing outside of Quebec will contact the Service Canada Office. A formula, agreed upon by the Governments of Quebec and Canada, is in place to divide the weeks between the parents.
Place of Residence, Place of Work, and Mobility
If you are moving to Quebec and are currently receiving EI maternity or parental benefits, you will continue to receive benefits from EI.
If you are moving out of Quebec and are currently receiving Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) benefits, you will continue to receive QPIP benefits.
If you work in Quebec but live in another province, you will not be eligible for QPIP. The EI program will continue to apply to you.
If you live in Quebec but work in another province, QPIP will be the benefit plan you will use.
Combining QPIP and EI Benefits
You may be entitled to EI benefits, such as regular benefits, sickness benefits, or compassionate care benefits, for weeks that you are not receiving benefits from the Quebec plan. Benefits paid under the Quebec Plan can also extend the EI benefit period to allow the claimant to receive the maximum number of weeks of other EI special benefits, for instance sickness or compassionate care. Each week of benefits paid under the provincial plan will be taken into consideration when calculating the number of weeks of EI benefits to be paid per benefit period.
For more information, please call our telephone information service at 1 800 206-7218 from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm and press "0" to speak to a representative. You can also visit a Service Canada Centre nearest you.
Benefits and Income Tax
Like Employment Insurance (EI), Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) benefits are considered taxable income and will be withheld at the source. To learn more about the tax implications of the Quebec benefit please consult the Canada Revenue Agency and Revenue Quebec.
To ensure that both benefit programs run smoothly and to prevent fraud, the Province of Quebec and the Government of Canada have agreed to share information. This information includes Records of Employment, requests for benefits, and Social Insurance Numbers. The agreement complies with the Privacy Act. For more information about your EI rights and responsibilities.
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